curs_kernel(3X)                                                curs_kernel(3X)

       def_prog_mode,   def_shell_mode,   reset_prog_mode,   reset_shell_mode,
       resetty, savetty, getsyx, setsyx, ripoffline, curs_set,  napms  -  low-
       level curses routines

       #include <curses.h>

       int def_prog_mode(void);
       int def_shell_mode(void);
       int reset_prog_mode(void);
       int reset_shell_mode(void);
       int resetty(void);
       int savetty(void);
       void getsyx(int y, int x);
       void setsyx(int y, int x);
       int ripoffline(int line, int (*init)(WINDOW *, int));
       int curs_set(int visibility);
       int napms(int ms);

       The following routines give low-level access to various curses capabil-
       ities.  Theses routines typically are used inside library routines.

       The def_prog_mode and def_shell_mode routines save the current terminal
       modes as the "program" (in curses) or "shell" (not in curses) state for
       use by the reset_prog_mode and reset_shell_mode routines.  This is done
       automatically  by initscr.  There is one such save area for each screen
       context allocated by newterm().

       The reset_prog_mode and reset_shell_mode routines restore the  terminal
       to  "program"  (in curses) or "shell" (out of curses) state.  These are
       done automatically by endwin and, after an endwin, by doupdate, so they
       normally are not called.

       The resetty and savetty routines save and restore the state of the ter-
       minal modes.  savetty saves the current state in a buffer  and  resetty
       restores the state to what it was at the last call to savetty.

       The  getsyx  routine  returns  the  current  coordinates of the virtual
       screen cursor in y and x.  If leaveok is currently TRUE, then -1,-1  is
       returned.  If lines have been removed from the top of the screen, using
       ripoffline, y and x include these lines; therefore, y and x  should  be
       used only as arguments for setsyx.

       The  setsyx routine sets the virtual screen cursor to y, x.  If y and x
       are both -1, then leaveok is set.  The two routines getsyx  and  setsyx
       are  designed to be used by a library routine, which manipulates curses
       windows but does not want to change the current position  of  the  pro-
       gram's cursor.  The library routine would call getsyx at the beginning,
       do its manipulation of its own windows, do a wnoutrefresh on  its  win-
       dows, call setsyx, and then call doupdate.

       The  ripoffline  routine  provides  access  to  the  same facility that
       slk_init [see curs_slk(3X)] uses to reduce  the  size  of  the  screen.
       ripoffline must be called before initscr or newterm is called.  If line
       is positive, a line is removed from the top of stdscr; if line is nega-
       tive,  a  line  is  removed  from the bottom.  When this is done inside
       initscr, the routine init (supplied by the user)  is  called  with  two
       arguments:  a window pointer to the one-line window that has been allo-
       cated and an integer with the number of columns in the window.   Inside
       this  initialization  routine,  the  integer  variables  LINES and COLS
       (defined in <curses.h>) are not guaranteed to be accurate and  wrefresh
       or  doupdate  must not be called.  It is allowable to call wnoutrefresh
       during the initialization routine.

       ripoffline can be called up to five times  before  calling  initscr  or

       The curs_set routine sets the cursor state is set to invisible, normal,
       or very visible for visibility equal to 0, 1, or  2  respectively.   If
       the  terminal  supports  the  visibility requested, the previous cursor
       state is returned; otherwise, ERR is returned.

       The napms routine is used to sleep for ms milliseconds.

       Except for curs_set, these routines always return OK.  curs_set returns
       the  previous  cursor  state, or ERR if the requested visibility is not

       Note that getsyx is a macro, so & is not necessary before the variables
       y and x.

       Older  SVr4  man  pages warn that the return value of curs_set "is cur-
       rently incorrect".  This implementation gets it right, but  it  may  be
       unwise to count on the correctness of the return value anywhere else.

       Both ncurses and SVr4 will call curs_set in endwin if curs_set has been
       called to make the cursor other than normal, i.e., either invisible  or
       very  visible.   There  is  no way for ncurses to determine the initial
       cursor state to restore that.

       The functions setsyx and getsyx are not described  in  the  XSI  Curses
       standard, Issue 4.  All other functions are as described in XSI Curses.

       The SVr4 documentation describes setsyx and  getsyx  as  having  return
       type  int.  This  is  misleading, as they are macros with no documented
       semantics for the return value.

       curses(3X),   curs_initscr(3X),   curs_outopts(3X),   curs_refresh(3X),
       curs_scr_dump(3X), curs_slk(3X)