MTR(8) mtr MTR(8)
mtr - a network diagnostic tool
mtr [-hvrctglsni] [--help] [--version] [--report]
[--report-cycles COUNT] [--curses] [--split] [--raw] [--no-dns] [--gtk]
[--address IP.ADD.RE.SS] [--interval SECONDS] [--psize BYTES | -p
BYTES] HOSTNAME [PACKETSIZE]
mtr combines the functionality of the traceroute and ping programs in a
single network diagnostic tool.
As mtr starts, it investigates the network connection between the host
mtr runs on and HOSTNAME. by sending packets with purposly low TTLs.
It continues to send packets with low TTL, noting the response time of
the intervening routers. This allows mtr to print the response per-
centage and response times of the internet route to HOSTNAME. A sudden
increase in packetloss or response time is often an indication of a bad
(or simply overloaded) link.
Print the summary of command line argument options.
Print the installed version of mtr.
This option puts mtr into report mode. When in this mode, mtr
will run for the number of cycles specified by the -c option,
and then print statistics and exit.
This mode is useful for generating statistics about network
quality. Note that each running instance of mtr generates a
significant amount of network traffic. Using mtr to measure the
quality of your network may result in decreased network perfor-
Use this option to set the number of pings sent to determine
both the machines on the network and the reliability of those
machines. Each cycle lasts one second. This option is only
useful with the -r option.
These options or a trailing PACKETSIZE on the commandline sets
the packet size used for probing. It is in bytes inclusive IP
and ICMP headers
Use this option to force mtr to use the curses based terminal
interface (if available).
Use this option to force mtr to display numeric IP numbers and
not try to resolve the host names.
Use this option to force mtr to use the GTK+ based X11 window
interface (if available). GTK+ must have been available on the
system when mtr was built for this to work. See the GTK+ web
page at http://www.gimp.org/gtk/ for more information about
Use this option to set mtr to spit out a format that is suitable
for a split-user interface.
Use this option to tell mtr to use the raw output format. This
format is better suited for archival of the measurement results.
It could be parsed to be presented into any of the other display
Use this option to bind outgoing packets' socket to specific
interface, so that any packet will be sent through this inter-
face. NOTE that this option doesn't apply to DNS requests (which
could be and could not be what you want).
Use this option to specify the positive number of seconds
between ICMP ECHO requests. The default value for this parame-
ter is one second.
Some modern routers give a lower priority to ICMP ECHO packets than to
other network traffic. Consequently, the reliability of these routers
reported by mtr will be significantly lower than the actual reliability
of these routers.
For the latest version, see the mtr web page at http://www.bitwiz-
Subscribe to the mtr mailing list. All mtr related announcements are
posted to the mtr mailing list. To subscribe, send email to major-
email@example.com with subscribe mtr in the body of the message.
To send a message to the mailing list, mail to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Bug reports and feature requests should be sent to the mtr mailing
mtr March 4, 1999 MTR(8)