MREMAP(2)                  Linux Programmer's Manual                 MREMAP(2)

       mremap - re-map a virtual memory address

       #include <unistd.h>
       #include <sys/mman.h>

       void  *  mremap(void  *old_address,  size_t old_size , size_t new_size,
       unsigned long flags);

       mremap expands (or shrinks) an  existing  memory  mapping,  potentially
       moving  it  at  the same time (controlled by the flags argument and the
       available virtual address space).

       old_address is the old address of the virtual  memory  block  that  you
       want  to  expand  (or  shrink).   Note  that old_address has to be page
       aligned. old_size  is  the  old  size  of  the  virtual  memory  block.
       new_size  is  the  requested size of the virtual memory block after the

       The flags argument is a bitmap of flags.

       In Linux the memory is divided into pages.  A user process has (one or)
       several  linear  virtual  memory segments.  Each virtual memory segment
       has one or more mappings to real memory  pages  (in  the  page  table).
       Each  virtual  memory  segment  has its own protection (access rights),
       which may cause a segmentation violation  if  the  memory  is  accessed
       incorrectly  (e.g., writing to a read-only segment).  Accessing virtual
       memory outside of the segments will also cause  a  segmentation  viola-

       mremap  uses  the  Linux page table scheme.  mremap changes the mapping
       between virtual addresses and memory pages.  This can be used to imple-
       ment a very efficient realloc.

              indicates  if  the  operation should fail, or change the virtual
              address if the resize cannot be  done  at  the  current  virtual

       On success mremap returns a pointer to the new virtual memory area.  On
       error, -1 is returned, and errno is set appropriately.

       EINVAL An invalid argument was given. Most likely old_address  was  not
              page aligned.

       EFAULT "Segmentation  fault."  Some address in the range old_address to
              old_address+old_size is an invalid virtual  memory  address  for
              this  process.  You can also get EFAULT even if there exist map-
              pings that cover the whole address space  requested,  but  those
              mappings are of different types.

       EAGAIN The memory segment is locked and cannot be re-mapped.

       ENOMEM The  memory  area  cannot  be  expanded  at  the current virtual
              address, and the MREMAP_MAYMOVE flag is not set in  flags.   Or,
              there is not enough (virtual) memory available.

       With  current  glibc  includes,  in  order  to  get  the  definition of
       MREMAP_MAYMOVE,  you  need  to  define  _GNU_SOURCE  before   including

       This  call  is  Linux-specific,  and  should  not  be  used in programs
       intended to be portable.  4.2BSD had  a  (never  actually  implemented)
       mremap(2) call with completely different semantics.

       getpagesize(2), realloc(3), malloc(3), brk(2), sbrk(2), mmap(2)

       Your favorite OS text book for more information on paged memory.  (Mod-
       ern Operating Systems by Andrew S. Tannenbaum, Inside Linux by  Randolf
       Bentson, The Design of the UNIX Operating System by Maurice J. Bach.)

Linux 1.3.87                      1996-04-12                         MREMAP(2)