HTTP::Message(3)      User Contributed Perl Documentation     HTTP::Message(3)

       HTTP::Message - HTTP style message (base class)

        use base 'HTTP::Message';

       An "HTTP::Message" object contains some headers and a content body.
       The following methods are available:

       $mess = HTTP::Message->new
       $mess = HTTP::Message->new( $headers )
       $mess = HTTP::Message->new( $headers, $content )
           This constructs a new message object.  Normally you would want con-
           struct "HTTP::Request" or "HTTP::Response" objects instead.

           The optional $header argument should be a reference to an
           "HTTP::Headers" object or a plain array reference of key/value
           pairs.  If an "HTTP::Headers" object is provided then a copy of it
           will be embedded into the constructed message, i.e. it will not be
           owned and can be modified afterwards without affecting the message.

           The optional $content argument should be a string of bytes.

       $mess = HTTP::Message->parse( $str )
           This constructs a new message object by parsing the given string.

           Returns the embedded "HTTP::Headers" object.

       $mess->headers_as_string( $eol )
           Call the as_string() method for the headers in the message.  This
           will be the same as


           but it will make your program a whole character shorter :-)

       $mess->content( $content )
           The content() method sets the raw content if an argument is given.
           If no argument is given the content is not touched.  In either case
           the original raw content is returned.

           Note that the content should be a string of bytes.  Strings in perl
           can contain characters outside the range of a byte.  The "Encode"
           module can be used to turn such strings into a string of bytes.

       $mess->add_content( $data )
           The add_content() methods appends more data to the end of the cur-
           rent content buffer.

       $mess->content_ref( \$content )
           The content_ref() method will return a reference to content buffer
           string.  It can be more efficient to access the content this way if
           the content is huge, and it can even be used for direct manipula-
           tion of the content, for instance:

             ${$res->content_ref} =~ s/\bfoo\b/bar/g;

           This example would modify the content buffer in-place.

           If an argument is passed it will setup the content to reference
           some external source.  The content() and add_content() methods will
           automatically dereference scalar references passed this way.  For
           other references content() will return the reference itself and
           add_content() will refuse to do anything.

       $mess->decoded_content( %options )
           Returns the content with any "Content-Encoding" undone and strings
           mapped to perl's Unicode strings.  If the "Content-Encoding" or
           "charset" of the message is unknown this method will fail by
           returning "undef".

           The following options can be specified.

               This override the charset parameter for text content.  The
               value "none" can used to suppress decoding of the charset.

               This override the default charset of "ISO-8859-1".

               If TRUE then raise an exception if not able to decode content.
               Reason might be that the specified "Content-Encoding" or
               "charset" is not supported.  If this option is FALSE, then
               decode_content() will return "undef" on errors, but will still
               set $@.

               If TRUE then a reference to decoded content is returned.  This
               might be more efficient in cases where the decoded content is
               identical to the raw content as no data copying is required in
               this case.

       $mess->parts( @parts )
       $mess->parts( \@parts )
           Messages can be composite, i.e. contain other messages.  The com-
           posite messages have a content type of "multipart/*" or "mes-
           sage/*".  This method give access to the contained messages.

           The argumentless form will return a list of "HTTP::Message"
           objects.  If the content type of $msg is not "multipart/*" or "mes-
           sage/*" then this will return the empty list.  In scalar context
           only the first object is returned.  The returned message parts
           should be regarded as are read only (future versions of this
           library might make it possible to modify the parent by modifying
           the parts).

           If the content type of $msg is "message/*" then there will only be
           one part returned.

           If the content type is "message/http", then the return value will
           be either an "HTTP::Request" or an "HTTP::Response" object.

           If an @parts argument is given, then the content of the message
           will modified. The array reference form is provided so that an
           empty list can be provided.  The @parts array should contain
           "HTTP::Message" objects.  The @parts objects are owned by $mess
           after this call and should not be modified or made part of other

           When updating the message with this method and the old content type
           of $mess is not "multipart/*" or "message/*", then the content type
           is set to "multipart/mixed" and all other content headers are

           This method will croak if the content type is "message/*" and more
           than one part is provided.

       $mess->add_part( $part )
           This will add a part to a message.  The $part argument should be
           another "HTTP::Message" object.  If the previous content type of
           $mess is not "multipart/*" then the old content (together with all
           content headers) will be made part #1 and the content type made
           "multipart/mixed" before the new part is added.  The $part object
           is owned by $mess after this call and should not be modified or
           made part of other messages.

           There is no return value.

           Will clear the headers and set the content to the empty string.
           There is no return value

       $mess->protocol( $proto )
           Sets the HTTP protocol used for the message.  The protocol() is a
           string like "HTTP/1.0" or "HTTP/1.1".

           Returns a copy of the message object.

       $mess->as_string( $eol )
           Returns the message formatted as a single string.

           The optional $eol parameter specifies the line ending sequence to
           use.  The default is "\n".  If no $eol is given then as_string will
           ensure that the returned string is newline terminated (even when
           the message content is not).  No extra newline is appended if an
           explicit $eol is passed.

       All methods unknown to "HTTP::Message" itself are delegated to the
       "HTTP::Headers" object that is part of every message.  This allows con-
       venient access to these methods.  Refer to HTTP::Headers for details of
       these methods:

           $mess->header( $field => $val )
           $mess->push_header( $field => $val )
           $mess->init_header( $field => $val )
           $mess->remove_header( $field )
           $mess->scan( \&doit )


       Copyright 1995-2004 Gisle Aas.

       This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
       under the same terms as Perl itself.

perl v5.8.6                       2005-02-18                  HTTP::Message(3)