FINGER(1)                 BSD General Commands Manual                FINGER(1)

     finger - user information lookup program

     finger [-lmsp] [user ...] [user@host ...]

     The finger displays information about the system users.

     Options are:

     -s    Finger displays the user's login name, real name, terminal name and
           write status (as a ``*'' after the terminal name if write permis-
           sion is denied), idle time, login time, office location and office
           phone number.

           Login time is displayed as month, day, hours and minutes, unless
           more than six months ago, in which case the year is displayed
           rather than the hours and minutes.

           Unknown devices as well as nonexistent idle and login times are
           displayed as single asterisks.

     -l    Produces a multi-line format displaying all of the information
           described for the -s option as well as the user's home directory,
           home phone number, login shell, mail status, and the contents of
           the files ``.plan'', ``.project'', ``.pgpkey'' and ``.forward''
           from the user's home directory.

           Phone numbers specified as eleven digits are printed as ``+N-NNN-
           NNN-NNNN''.  Numbers specified as ten or seven digits are printed
           as the appropriate subset of that string.  Numbers specified as
           five digits are printed as ``xN-NNNN''.  Numbers specified as four
           digits are printed as ``xNNNN''.

           If write permission is denied to the device, the phrase ``(messages
           off)'' is appended to the line containing the device name.  One
           entry per user is displayed with the -l option; if a user is logged
           on multiple times, terminal information is repeated once per login.

           Mail status is shown as ``No Mail.'' if there is no mail at all,
           ``Mail last read DDD MMM ## HH:MM YYYY (TZ)'' if the person has
           looked at their mailbox since new mail arriving, or ``New mail
           received ...'', ``  Unread since ...'' if they have new mail.

     -p    Prevents the -l option of finger from displaying the contents of
           the ``.plan'', ``.project'' and ``.pgpkey'' files.

     -m    Prevent matching of user names.  User is usually a login name; how-
           ever, matching will also be done on the users' real names, unless
           the -m option is supplied.  All name matching performed by finger
           is case insensitive.

     If no options are specified, finger defaults to the -l style output if
     operands are provided, otherwise to the -s style.  Note that some fields
     may be missing, in either format, if information is not available for

     If no arguments are specified, finger will print an entry for each user
     currently logged into the system.

     Finger may be used to look up users on a remote machine.  The format is
     to specify a user as ``user@host'', or ``@host'', where the default out-
     put format for the former is the -l style, and the default output format
     for the latter is the -s style.  The -l option is the only option that
     may be passed to a remote machine.

     If standard output is a socket, finger will emit a carriage return (^M)
     before every linefeed (^J). This is for processing remote finger requests
     when invoked by fingerd(8).

     ~/.nofinger      If finger finds this file in a user's home directory, it
                      will, for finger requests originating outside the local
                      host, firmly deny the existence of that user.  For this
                      to work, the finger program, as started by fingerd(8),
                      must be able to see the .nofinger file. This generally
                      means that the home directory containing the file must
                      have the other-users-execute bit set (o+x). See
                      chmod(1).  If you use this feature for privacy, please
                      test it with ``finger @localhost'' before relying on it,
                      just in case.



     ~/.pgp           These files are printed as part of a long-format
                      request. The .project file is limited to one line; the
                      .plan file may be arbitrarily long.

     chfn(1), passwd(1), w(1), who(1)

     The finger command appeared in 3.0BSD.

Linux NetKit (0.17)             August 15, 1999            Linux NetKit (0.17)