DPROFPP(1)             Perl Programmers Reference Guide             DPROFPP(1)

       dprofpp - display perl profile data

       dprofpp [-a|-z|-l|-v|-U] [-d] [-s|-r|-u] [-q] [-F] [-I|-E] [-O cnt]
       [-A] [-R] [-S] [-g subroutine] [-G <regexp> [-P]] [-f <regexp>] [pro-

       dprofpp -T [-F] [-g subroutine] [profile]

       dprofpp -t [-F] [-g subroutine] [profile]

       dprofpp -G <regexp> [-P] [profile]

       dprofpp -p script [-Q] [other opts]

       dprofpp -V [profile]

       The dprofpp command interprets profile data produced by a profiler,
       such as the Devel::DProf profiler.  Dprofpp will read the file tmon.out
       and will display the 15 subroutines which are using the most time.  By
       default the times for each subroutine are given exclusive of the times
       of their child subroutines.

       To profile a Perl script run the perl interpreter with the -d switch.
       So to profile script with Devel::DProf the following command
       should be used.

               $ perl5 -d:DProf

       Then run dprofpp to analyze the profile.  The output of dprofpp depends
       on the flags to the program and the version of Perl you're using.

               $ dprofpp -u
               Total Elapsed Time =    1.67 Seconds
                        User Time =    0.61 Seconds
               Exclusive Times
               %Time Seconds     #Calls sec/call Name
                52.4   0.320          2   0.1600 main::foo
                45.9   0.280        200   0.0014 main::bar
                0.00   0.000          1   0.0000 DynaLoader::import
                0.00   0.000          1   0.0000 main::baz

       The dprofpp tool can also run the profiler before analyzing the profile
       data.  The above two commands can be executed with one dprofpp command.

               $ dprofpp -u -p

       Consult "PROFILE FORMAT" in Devel::DProf for a description of the raw

       Columns are:

           Percentage of time spent in this routine.

           Number of calls to this routine.

           Average number of seconds per call to this routine.

           Name of routine.

           Time (in seconds) spent in this routine and routines called from

           Time (in seconds) spent in this routine (not including those called
           from it).

           Average time (in seconds) spent in each call of this routine
           (including those called from it).

       -a   Sort alphabetically by subroutine names.

       -d   Reverse whatever sort is used

       -A   Count timing for autoloaded subroutine as timing for *::AUTOLOAD.
            Otherwise the time to autoload it is counted as time of the sub-
            routine itself (there is no way to separate autoload time from run

            This is going to be irrelevant with newer Perls.  They will inform
            "Devel::DProf" when the "AUTOLOAD" switches to actual subroutine,
            so a separate statistics for "AUTOLOAD" will be collected no mat-
            ter whether this option is set.

       -R   Count anonymous subroutines defined in the same package sepa-

       -E   (default)  Display all subroutine times exclusive of child subrou-
            tine times.

       -F   Force the generation of fake exit timestamps if dprofpp reports
            that the profile is garbled.  This is only useful if dprofpp
            determines that the profile is garbled due to missing exit times-
            tamps.  You're on your own if you do this.  Consult the BUGS sec-

       -I   Display all subroutine times inclusive of child subroutine times.

       -l   Sort by number of calls to the subroutines.  This may help iden-
            tify candidates for inlining.

       -O cnt
            Show only cnt subroutines.  The default is 15.

       -p script
            Tells dprofpp that it should profile the given script and then
            interpret its profile data.  See -Q.

       -Q   Used with -p to tell dprofpp to quit after profiling the script,
            without interpreting the data.

       -q   Do not display column headers.

       -r   Display elapsed real times rather than user+system times.

       -s   Display system times rather than user+system times.

       -T   Display subroutine call tree to stdout.  Subroutine statistics are
            not displayed.

       -t   Display subroutine call tree to stdout.  Subroutine statistics are
            not displayed.  When a function is called multiple consecutive
            times at the same calling level then it is displayed once with a
            repeat count.

       -S   Display merged subroutine call tree to stdout.  Statistics are
            displayed for each branch of the tree.

            When a function is called multiple (not necessarily consecutive)
            times in the same branch then all these calls go into one branch
            of the next level.  A repeat count is output together with com-
            bined inclusive, exclusive and kids time.

            Branches are sorted w.r.t. inclusive time.

       -U   Do not sort.  Display in the order found in the raw profile.

       -u   Display user times rather than user+system times.

       -V   Print dprofpp's version number and exit.  If a raw profile is
            found then its XS_VERSION variable will be displayed, too.

       -v   Sort by average time spent in subroutines during each call.  This
            may help identify candidates for inlining.

       -z   (default) Sort by amount of user+system time used.  The first few
            lines should show you which subroutines are using the most time.

       -g "subroutine"
            Ignore subroutines except "subroutine" and whatever is called from

       -G <regexp>
            Aggregate "Group" all calls matching the pattern together.  For
            example this can be used to group all calls of a set of packages

              -G "(package1::)|(package2::)|(package3::)"

            or to group subroutines by name:

              -G "getNum"

       -P   Used with -G to aggregate "Pull"  together all calls that did not
            match -G.

       -f <regexp>
            Filter all calls matching the pattern.

       The environment variable DPROFPP_OPTS can be set to a string containing
       options for dprofpp.  You might use this if you prefer -I over -E or if
       you want -F on all the time.

       This was added fairly lazily, so there are some undesirable side
       effects.  Options on the commandline should override options in
       DPROFPP_OPTS--but don't count on that in this version.

       Applications which call _exit() or exec() from within a subroutine will
       leave an incomplete profile.  See the -F option.

       Any bugs in Devel::DProf, or any profiler generating the profile data,
       could be visible here.  See "BUGS" in Devel::DProf.

       Mail bug reports and feature requests to the perl5-porters mailing list
       at <>.  Bug reports should include the output of
       the -V option.

               dprofpp         - profile processor
               tmon.out        - raw profile

       perl, Devel::DProf, times(2)

perl v5.8.6                       2005-05-14                        DPROFPP(1)