ADJTIMEX(2)                Linux Programmer's Manual               ADJTIMEX(2)

       adjtimex - tune kernel clock

       #include <sys/timex.h>

       int adjtimex(struct timex *buf);

       Linux  uses  David L. Mills' clock adjustment algorithm (see RFC 1305).
       The system call adjtimex reads and optionally sets  adjustment  parame-
       ters  for  this  algorithm.   It  takes a pointer to a timex structure,
       updates kernel parameters from  field  values,  and  returns  the  same
       structure  with  current  kernel values.  This structure is declared as

              struct timex {
                  int modes;           /* mode selector */
                  long offset;         /* time offset (usec) */
                  long freq;           /* frequency offset (scaled ppm) */
                  long maxerror;       /* maximum error (usec) */
                  long esterror;       /* estimated error (usec) */
                  int status;          /* clock command/status */
                  long constant;       /* pll time constant */
                  long precision;      /* clock precision (usec) (read only) */
                  long tolerance;      /* clock frequency tolerance (ppm)
                                          (read only) */
                  struct timeval time; /* current time (read only) */
                  long tick;           /* usecs between clock ticks */

       The modes field determines which parameters, if any, to  set.   It  may
       contain a bitwise-or combination of zero or more of the following bits:

              #define ADJ_OFFSET            0x0001 /* time offset */
              #define ADJ_FREQUENCY         0x0002 /* frequency offset */
              #define ADJ_MAXERROR          0x0004 /* maximum time error */
              #define ADJ_ESTERROR          0x0008 /* estimated time error */
              #define ADJ_STATUS            0x0010 /* clock status */
              #define ADJ_TIMECONST         0x0020 /* pll time constant */
              #define ADJ_TICK              0x4000 /* tick value */
              #define ADJ_OFFSET_SINGLESHOT 0x8001 /* old-fashioned adjtime */

       Ordinary users are restricted to a zero value for mode.  Only the supe-
       ruser may set any parameters.

       On success, adjtimex returns the clock state:

              #define TIME_OK   0 /* clock synchronized */
              #define TIME_INS  1 /* insert leap second */
              #define TIME_DEL  2 /* delete leap second */
              #define TIME_OOP  3 /* leap second in progress */
              #define TIME_WAIT 4 /* leap second has occurred */
              #define TIME_BAD  5 /* clock not synchronized */

       On failure, adjtimex returns -1 and sets errno.

       EFAULT buf does not point to writable memory.

       EPERM  buf.mode is non-zero and the user is not super-user.

       EINVAL An  attempt  is  made  to  set buf.offset to a value outside the
              range -131071 to +131071, or to set buf.status to a value  other
              than  those  listed above, or to set buf.tick to a value outside
              the range 900000/HZ to 1100000/HZ, where HZ is the system  timer
              interrupt frequency.

       adjtimex  is Linux specific and should not be used in programs intended
       to be portable.  There is a similar but less general  call  adjtime  in


Linux 2.0                         1997-07-30                       ADJTIMEX(2)