AutoSplit(3)           Perl Programmers Reference Guide           AutoSplit(3)

       AutoSplit - split a package for autoloading

        autosplit($file, $dir, $keep, $check, $modtime);


       This function will split up your program into files that the AutoLoader
       module can handle. It is used by both the standard perl libraries and
       by the MakeMaker utility, to automatically configure libraries for

       The "autosplit" interface splits the specified file into a hierarchy
       rooted at the directory $dir. It creates directories as needed to
       reflect class hierarchy, and creates the file autosplit.ix. This file
       acts as both forward declaration of all package routines, and as times-
       tamp for the last update of the hierarchy.

       The remaining three arguments to "autosplit" govern other options to
       the autosplitter.

         If the third argument, $keep, is false, then any pre-existing "*.al"
         files in the autoload directory are removed if they are no longer
         part of the module (obsoleted functions).  $keep defaults to 0.

         The fourth argument, $check, instructs "autosplit" to check the mod-
         ule currently being split to ensure that it includes a "use" specifi-
         cation for the AutoLoader module, and skips the module if AutoLoader
         is not detected.  $check defaults to 1.

         Lastly, the $modtime argument specifies that "autosplit" is to check
         the modification time of the module against that of the
         "autosplit.ix" file, and only split the module if it is newer.  $mod-
         time defaults to 1.

       Typical use of AutoSplit in the perl MakeMaker utility is via the com-
       mand-line with:

        perl -e 'use AutoSplit; autosplit($ARGV[0], $ARGV[1], 0, 1, 1)'

       Defined as a Make macro, it is invoked with file and directory argu-
       ments; "autosplit" will split the specified file into the specified
       directory and delete obsolete ".al" files, after checking first that
       the module does use the AutoLoader, and ensuring that the module is not
       already currently split in its current form (the modtime test).

       The "autosplit_lib_modules" form is used in the building of perl. It
       takes as input a list of files (modules) that are assumed to reside in
       a directory lib relative to the current directory. Each file is sent to
       the autosplitter one at a time, to be split into the directory

       In both usages of the autosplitter, only subroutines defined following
       the perl __END__ token are split out into separate files. Some routines
       may be placed prior to this marker to force their immediate loading and

       Multiple packages

       As of version 1.01 of the AutoSplit module it is possible to have mul-
       tiple packages within a single file. Both of the following cases are

          package NAME;
          sub AAA { ... }
          package NAME::option1;
          sub BBB { ... }
          package NAME::option2;
          sub BBB { ... }

          package NAME;
          sub AAA { ... }
          sub NAME::option1::BBB { ... }
          sub NAME::option2::BBB { ... }

       "AutoSplit" will inform the user if it is necessary to create the top-
       level directory specified in the invocation. It is preferred that the
       script or installation process that invokes "AutoSplit" have created
       the full directory path ahead of time. This warning may indicate that
       the module is being split into an incorrect path.

       "AutoSplit" will warn the user of all subroutines whose name causes
       potential file naming conflicts on machines with drastically limited (8
       characters or less) file name length. Since the subroutine name is used
       as the file name, these warnings can aid in portability to such sys-

       Warnings are issued and the file skipped if "AutoSplit" cannot locate
       either the __END__ marker or a "package Name;"-style specification.

       "AutoSplit" will also emit general diagnostics for inability to create
       directories or files.

perl v5.8.6                       2001-09-21                      AutoSplit(3)